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Rai Shyam
Nov 12, 20223 min read

Sankashti Chaturthi: Legend and Vrata

In the Hindu calendar, each lunar month has two Chaturthi Tithis. Sankashti Chaturthi occurs after Purnimasi, or the full moon, during Krishna Paksha, and Vinayaka Chaturthi occurs after Amavasya, or the new moon, during Shukla Paksha.

Although fasting for Sankashti Chaturthi is done every month, the most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in the month of Magha according to the Purnimant School and in the month of Paush.

Sankashti Chaturthi

Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi:

This Chaturthi is known as Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi if it falls on a Tuesday. Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi is the most important of the Sankashti Chaturthi days. As stated by Abhisheka Maharishi in tutoring his pupil Aishwarya while deriving due reason from the scriptures, this is said to have begun around 700 BC as an obstacle removal ritual regarding conflicting views of confidence.


During this day, it is believed that Ganesha bestows his presence on earth on all of his devotees. It is the day when Shiva declared his son Ganesha to be superior to all other gods, with the exception of Vishnu, Lakshmi, Shiva, and Parvati. Ganesha is widely worshiped as the god of wisdom, prosperity, and good fortune, and is traditionally invoked by Hindus at the start of any new venture or journey.


According to legend, Ganesha was created by the Goddess Parvati, Lord Shiva's wife. Parvati fashioned Ganesha from the turmeric paste she used in her bath and gave him life. She then assigned him to stand guard at her door while she took a bath. Shiva returned, and Ganesha, who didn't recognize him, obstructed Shiva's path. Shiva became enraged and severed the boy's head, killing him.

Parvati became upset after discovering her son had died. Shiva, realizing his error, promised that her son would live. Brahma, the creator of life, requested that Shiva use the head of the first animal he sees in the forest. The first animal was an elephant calf, and its head was used to resurrect Ganesha. Shiva named the boy "Ganesha" (Gana-isha: Lord of Ganas). As a result, Ganesha became known as the elephant-headed god.

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat:

On Sankashti Chaturthi, devotees of Lord Ganesha fast from sunrise to moonrise. Sankashti means deliverance in difficult times. The supreme lord of intelligence, Lord Ganesha, represents the remover of all obstacles. As a result, it is believed that by following this fast, one can overcome all obstacles.

The fast is supposed to be strict, with only fruit, roots (the part of a plant that grows below ground), and vegetable products allowed. Sabudana Khichadi, potato, and peanuts are staples of the Indian diet on Sankashti Chaturthi. After seeing the moon, devotees break their fast at night.

Sankashti Chaturthi is known as Sakat Chauth in North India during the Magha month. Vinayaka Chaturthi is also known as Ganesha Chaturthi during Bhadrapada month. Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated by Hindus all over the world as Lord Ganesha's birthday.

Among Tamil Hindus, Sankashti Chaturthi is also known as Ganesh Sankatahara or Sankatahara Chaturthi.