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Prateek Majumder
Jul 7, 20228 min read

Kashi Kotwal Baba | History | How to Travel to? | FAQs

There are 64 bhairavas, out of which 8 bhairavas are present in Varanasi. Out of the 8 bhairava temples the most popular temple is Kal Bhairav Temple or more popularly known as the Kal Kotwal Temple. One of the earliest Shiva temples in Varanasi, India, is called Kaal Bhairav Mandir . This temple, which is located in Bharonath, Vishweshwarganj (Varanasi), is very significant historically and culturally in Hinduism, particularly among the locals. The temple is devoted to Bhairava (Kaal Bhairav), a ferocious manifestation of Shiva who carries a club made of peacock feathers and wears a garland of skulls. Kaal is a Sanskrit word that denotes both fate and death. Additionally, Kaal Bhairav means "the one even death fears." According to legend, Kaal Bhairav frightens even death.

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An idol of Kal Bhairav with a silver face that is sat on his vahana (vehicle), a dog, and a trident is kept in the inner sanctum of the temple. Through the doorway, visitors can only see the icon's face, which has been garland-decorated. A piece of fabric covers the remaining portion of the image. An image of Kshetrapal Bhairav, another facet of Bhairava, can be found on the temple's back door. Everyone who wants to exist in Creation—including Gods—needs to ask Kaal Bhairav's permission to do so. He is thought to be the Kotwal (chief police officer) of Creation. He is also thought to be the "Sati pind's" Kotwal, and nobody is allowed to touch the "Sati pind" without his consent. The worshippers of Kaal Bhairav are shielded from all difficulties. According to lore, Kal Bhairav is revered as the city's guardian. 

kashi kotwal baba

In Hindu deities, Bhairav is very significant. He's referred to as the kotwal of Kashi. Kal Bhairav, who bestows blessings and metes out punishment on the populace, is supposed to be Baba Vishwanath's Kotwal and the king of Kashi. Before the darshan in Kashi Vishwanath, the Bhairav must be seen; only then is the significance of the darshan taken into account. Bhairav's duties include guarding Kashi, the Shiva-centered city, and apprehending and punishing social outlaws.Comparable to a senior officer with a surveillance dog. The mentioned officer is carrying out Lord Bhairav's duties.Simply witnessing Kaal Bhairav will spare you from Shani's punishment of half-and-half, half-and-half, and Shani. It is stated that only Shiva and Kaal Bhairav have the authority to punish here, and that even Yamraj himself cannot kill someone without permission. Yamraj is also not authorized to punish anyone present.


According to legend, Shiva assumed the appearance of Bhairava in order to behead Brahma, who had grown haughty after creating the world. Infamy for killing the creator, Brahma, caused Shiva to wander the earth as Brahma's head burned into Shiva's palm.

Shiva ultimately traveled south along the Ganga from Kailas. When the river turned north, something changed. He then plunged his hand into the river, which caused Brahma's head to come undone and released Shiva from Brahma-hatya. This became the location of the renowned Avimukta (place of liberation) city, currently known as Kashi. The city is claimed to be supported by Shiva's trident. As the city's protector, Shiva remained here, chasing away any potential threats and defending the locals.

A recurring element in several Puranas is the idea of eight Bhairavs guarding the eight directions—four cardinal and four ordinal. The shrine of 8 Vairavar, the local name for Bhairav, can be seen in several villages in the south. Thus, Bhairava is recognised as the protector deity.

Bhairav and his spouse Bhairavi serve as a guardian god in many Jain temples. One learns about Kala-Bhairav and Gora-Bhairav, the black and white guards who watch over goddess sanctuaries, in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The name Kaal, which refers to the time-eating black hole known as the black hole of Kala-Bhairav, is more widely used.Alcohol and uncontrolled hysteria are linked to Kaal Bhairav. Gora Bhairav, also known as Batuk Bhairav (the tiny Bhairav), is pictured as a young child who enjoys drinking milk that may or may not be laced with bhang.

kashi kotwal baba temple

The basis of the term Bhairav is the word "bhaya," which means fear. Fear is brought on and removed by Bhairav. He serves as a reminder that all human frailties stem from fear. Brahma became stubborn and clung to his creation out of a sense of invalidation. We cling to our identities in times of fear just like dogs cling to their homes and favourite bones. This message is emphasised by the association of Bhairav with a dog, a representation of attachment that wags its tail when its master smiles and whines when the master frowns.We throw curses on others and are the targets of curses cast by other people because of attachment, which breeds dread and insecurity. Bhairav frees us from everything.


Bhairava Ashtami, also known as Bhairavashtami, Bhairava Jayanti, Kala-Bhairava Ashtami, and Kala-Bhairava Jayanti, is a Hindu holy day that honours the birth of the terrifying and vengeful god Shiva incarnation Bhairava (Bhairava, meaning "terrible") on this day. According to the South Indian Amavasyant calendar, every month ends with a new moon, it falls on the eighth lunar day (ashtami) in the fortnight of the waning moon (Krishna paksha) in the Hindu month of Kartik or Margashirsha (per the North Indian Purnimant calendar, every month ends with a full moon). Bhairava Ashtami occurs on the same day in November, December, and January under both plans. When referring to any of the sacred days of Bhairava, who is also known as Dandapani (as he holds a rod or Danda to punish sinners) and who rides a dog, people sometimes use the term "Kalashtami," which can also refer to any Ashtami in the Krishna Paksha. Swaswa, which means "whose horse is a dog," is another name for Bhairava.


The Kirati ruler Yalambar is thought to be the Akash Bhairab. According to legend, Yalambar was the first monarch to build this country, which allegedly stretched as far as Tista in the east and Trishuli in the west. It is thought that his tantric adoration gave him the abilities.


The saatvik version of Kaal Bhairav, known as Swarnakarshana Bhairava, is worshipped for acquiring wealth and success. Similar to how gold resides in the centre of the earth, he lives underground in pataal.


Every month at Ashtami Tithi of Krishna Paksha, Masik Kalashtami is observed. Hindu followers observe a day of fasting and worship Lord Bhairav to ask for his blessings on Kalashtami.


Every month on the Ashtami Tithi of Krishna Paksha, Kalashtami, often referred to as Kala Ashtami, is observed. On all Kalashtami days throughout the year, followers of Lord Bhairav observe fasts and offer adoration to Him. One of the most important Kalashtami holidays is Kalabhairav Jayanti, commonly referred to as Bhairav Ashtami.


Kaalbhairav ​​is said to be the ferocious form of Mahadev. Many people believe that those who worship Kaal Bhairav ​​will be freed from all troubles, diseases and sorrows. Furthermore, a worshiper of Kaal Bhairav ​​is liberated from his fear of death and his sufferings are removed. The real meaning of Kaal Bhairav ​​is to protect people from time and fear. Anyone who is afraid of something should remember Kaal Bhairav. One who remembers Kaal Bhairav ​​in his troubles gains the strength to overcome fear. Since the time of Sanatan, the worship of Kaal Bhairav ​​has played an important role in Hinduism. This form of Kaal Bhairav ​​is considered to be that of Lord Shankar. This year Kaal Bhairav ​​Jayanti festival will be celebrated on Wednesday 16th November 2022 and all the worshipers of Lord Shiva are celebrating this day with great splendor in India.


Date & Time
Kalabhairav Jayanti
Wednesday, Nov 16, 2022
Ashtami Starts At
On Nov 16, 2022 at 05:49 am
Ashtami Ends At
On Nov 17, 2022 at 07:57 am


The worship of Kaal Bhairav ​​is of great importance and is mentioned in the Narada Purana. A worshiper of Kaal Bhairav ​​fulfills all his dreams. One will not get all diseases if one worships Kaal Bhairav ​​on this day. Kaal Bhairav ​​is said to be the ferocious form of Lord Shiva and is worshiped on this day of Kaal Bhairav ​​Jayanti.One who wants to follow Kaal Bhairav ​​Jayanti has to wake up early in the morning in Brahma Muhurta and shower and perform all activities. The best that one can do on this day is to purify oneself with Gangajal if he is present. Then one should commit to continuing following Bhairav ​​Jayanti. One has to remember the ancestors and then conduct Shradh. One should chant Kaal Bhairav ​​Mantra "Hrim Unmatt Bhairavaya Namah" on this auspicious day as it is considered very lucky. One should worship Lord Kaal Bhairav ​​with this mantra. Also, worship of Kaal Bhairav ​​should be done at midnight with incense, black sesame, lamp, urad, and mustard oil. It is said that it is also advisable to feed black dogs cakes after the end of the fast as it is believed to be very beneficial.


Wintertime is the ideal season to visit Varanasi (November to February). Winter is the greatest time to visit the holy city since you can walk around without getting too cold, despite the fact that it can get rather chilly. It is best to visit early in the day, say between 5 and 6 am, so that you may see Kaal Bhairav more clearly. 

kotwal baba

Fly to Varanasi:
By scheduling a flight, you can fly to Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport also known as Babatpur Airport or Varanasi Airport is the nearest airport to Varanasi, located at a distance of just 18 kilometers from the city. You can then rent a car from the airport to Kashi Kotwal Baba which is 24 kilometers away.

Train service to Varanasi:
There are several railroad stations in Varanasi. Varanasi junction is about 6 kilometers from the temple, although Varanasi city station is only 2 kilometers away. There is another railhead in Mughal Sarai not far from the temple (17 kilometers). Additionally nearby is Maduadih station (4 kilometers).


Kal Bhairav Mandir, Vishweshwar Ganj, , Varanasi, UP.
Open & Close:
Open on all days: 05:00 AM to 01:30 PM
03:30 PM to 10:00 PM
Entry Fees:
Approx 30 minutes
Celebrations :
Annakut – 4th day after Diwali
Special Aarti:
Shringar on Sunday & Tuesday

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